Voucher expansion will create two taxpayer-funded school systems: one, our existing public schools, with stringent accountability measures and mandates, and the other, taxpayer-funded voucher schools (for-profit, religious and private) with little oversight and accountability. The state isn’t adequately funding the public school system it is constitutionally directed to provide; taxpayers certainly can’t afford another one.
Anne Arnesen: 251-1103
Nan Brien: 222-1798, 206-1779
Barbara Arnold: 222-2740
Carol Carstensen: 255‐5931
K-12 Education Issues in the 2013-15 State Budget
The budget bill increases total state support for K-12 education funding by about $411 million in General Purpose Revenue (GPR) over two years – an average growth of less than 2% per year. A little over a fifth (21%) of the increase is for choice and charter schools, and 7% is for assessment of students and schools. [See below for another description of how vouchers & charters have priority (first draw) on aid appropriations.]
A Small Increase for Public Schools
The increase in state aid to public schools will not allow school funding to keep pace with inflation. The increase in school aid is $289 million over two years, which amounts to a 1.5% increase in 2014 and a 2.8% increase in 2015.
Each district’s revenue cap, which limits the amount of revenue a district can generate from the combination of equalization aid and property taxes, will increase by $75 in 2014 and another $75 in 2015. This represents an increase of 0.8% in the revenue cap in each year of the budget.
In contrast to the usual way of using the bulk of a school aid increase to boost equalization aid (targeted more towards districts with lower property tax bases), this budget uses most of the increased aid for a $190 million appropriation to increase categorical aid (increased categorical aid DOES NOT increase the revenue cap) for all districts by $75 per student in 2014 and another $75 in 2015.
Putting much of the aid increase in a categorical appropriation means that the state is diminishing its efforts to help poorer districts (with weaker property tax bases). On the other hand, the less progressive approach not only has broader political support, it also has the advantage that categorical aid does not count against the revenue cap.
New Resources for Voucher and Charter Schools
The budget significantly expands the state’s school choice program, which allows students from low and moderate income families to attend private schools using publicly-funded vouchers. State spending on vouchers will increase by $77 million over the next two years.
The budget expands the school choice program statewide. Currently, only the Milwaukee and Racine districts are included in the program. The budget includes several limitations on the number and type of students who may participate in the program. (These restrictions do not apply to the programs in the Milwaukee and Racine districts.)
- A maximum of 500 students may participate in 2014, and a maximum of 1,000 students in 2015.
- To be eligible to participate, a student’s family income cannot exceed 185% of the federal poverty line; for a family of four that is about $44,000 a year.
- No more than 1% of the students in a district can participate in the school choice program.
- Only 25 schools, statewide, will participate in 2013-14 (those with the most voucher applications)
- There are substantial increases in the tuition voucher amount, which is currently set at $6,442 per student. Starting in 2015, the payments will be raised to $7,210 for students in grades K-8, an increase of 12%, and to $7,856 for students in grades 9 through 12, an increase of 22%. Under current law, when a student leaves a public school to attend a private school using a tuition voucher, aid to that school district is decreased. The budget does not include an aid reduction for districts new to the voucher program.
- Independent charter schools – those not associated with any school district – will receive a $150 increase in their per pupil payment in each year of the budget.
Many advocates for public education think the limitations put on the school voucher program will be lifted by the Legislature in the near future, similar to the way past limitations on the school voucher program have been rolled back. (see History)
A Generous New Tax Break for Private School Tuition
The budget includes an income tax deduction for tuition in private schools, which is expected to reduce state tax revenue by $30 million in 2015. Filers may deduct tuition expenses of up to $4,000 per year per student enrolled in kindergarten through 8th grade, and $10,000 per year for students in grades nine through twelve. Anyone paying private school tuition is eligible to receive this benefit, regardless of income. Wisconsin will be one of only six states that offer similar direct tax benefits for families paying private school tuition.
The new tax break for private school tuition is generous, especially considering that in tax year 2012, the maximum deduction per student per year for college tuition and fees was $6,543, and eligibility phases out at higher incomes.
Assessment and Data Systems
The budget includes recommendations for spending on student assessment, teacher evaluations, and data systems, including:
- $14 million in state funds for a system to evaluate teacher practice and student outcomes.
- $7 million for a multi-vendor statewide student information system.
- $12 million for new student assessment programs.
- $7 million in state money for a longitudinal data system at the Department of Public Instruction.
- $3 million for early reading assessments
Tamarine Cornelius and Jon Peacock (Wisconsin Council On Children and Families, www.wccf.org / edits by GRUMPS
FIRST DRAW: HEFTY PROPORTION OF AID INCREASE GOES TO INDEPENDENT CHARTERS, VOUCHERS for the 2012-13 school year.
While the general school aids appropriation for 2012-13 increased by $31.7 million over 2011-12, public school districts received only $21.4 million of that increase. That’s because money to fund private voucher schools and independent charters is skimmed off the top as a “first draw” on general aid funding. Independent charter schools saw an additional $7.5 million over last year, while private voucher schools saw an additional $2.2 million in Milwaukee and $0.6 million in Racine. What the numbers show is that independent charter schools and voucher schools, which together served roughly 31,800 FTE students, received nearly one-third ($10.3 million) of the new money, while public school districts, which serve 855,000 FTE students—or about 27 times as many students—received only $21.4 million in additional general aid. (WASB)
From SCHOOL ZONE Blog, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 4, 2013 (Is this what our founding fathers had in mind??):
“I have a question that perhaps you can answer. The Catholic School across the street from me has a 100% voucher population. That means that every single student at the school is on the voucher program. Since the school now gets all of it's funding from taxpayers, is it a public school? (And since voucher schools don't pay teachers the same as public schools, tax payer voucher money was used to upgrade the furnace and air conditioning at the church. I suppose that's better than buying several Cadillac cars for the school principal like other voucher schools have done.)”
Reply from MJS Blogger, Erin Richards
“Does the furnace and A/C heat and cool both the school and church? If so, it would be an allowable expense. If it is only for the church, the DPI auditors will not allow it as a voucher expense. If disallowing this cost from the voucher expenses drops their cost per student below $6,442, then the school will have to pay this money back to DPI, so it won’t cost the taxpayers for repairing the church. This is the system of checks and balances that DPI put in place with their independent audit.”
GRUMPS on The Record
GRUMPS take their message to Channel 3
Carol and Nan were on For The Record with Neil Heinen, Sunday, April 7 to discuss these state budget issues. See the video below:
Get the Facts on Vouchers
Sign the statewide Petition to
“Stop Voucher School Expansion!”
An on-line petition has been created by Madison State Representative Chris Taylor. By signing this petition you will be joining the effort to let our legislators and the Governor know that we do NOT support vouchers in Madison.
Please click here to add YOUR name to the petition. When you have completed your sign-on, click “Finish.” If you return to Chris’s “Welcome” page, you will know that your ELECTRONIC signature has been accepted.
THANK YOU! PLEASE ASK YOUR FRIENDS, NEIGHBORS, AND FAMILY TO JOIN THIS EFFORT. IF YOU HAVE
FRIENDS OR FAMILY OUTSIDE OF MADISON, PLEASE ASK THEM TO JOIN, TOO. Send them to MadCityGRUMPS.com to join the effort. WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE FOR MADISON STUDENTS!!
Net State Aid Increase by School Type
Proposed in new State Budget
Know the Real Deal!
We ARE Grumpy when not enough of us grasp what a bargain our fine schools have been!
The percentage of our property taxes that support public schools has actually gone down since 1994!
Explore the REAL STORY about school property taxes!
As Grandparents United for Madison Public Schools, we still believe that good public education is the heart of our American democracy! Dedicated educators and a supportive community spell wonderful learning opportunities for Madison children. We can no longer sit around and grouse.
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